Short Communication

Determining the type locality and collector of Nylander’s South African lichens

Ian D. Medeiros
Bothalia | Vol 49, No 1 | a2384 | DOI: | © 2019 Ian D. Medeiros | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 June 2018 | Published: 26 February 2019

About the author(s)

Ian D. Medeiros, Department of Biology, Duke University, United States


Background: In 1868, Nylander described 15 new lichen taxa from collections made near Durban, South Africa. The locality was not specified and the collector was identified only as ‘Miss Armstrong’.

Objectives: To identify the collector and type locality of Nylander’s species.

Method: Scientific literature, maps, letters, notebooks and genealogical sources were consulted to reconstruct the provenance of the specimens.

Results: ‘Miss Armstrong’ was likely Olivia Armstrong; she collected in the Karkloof area of the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands.

Conclusion: This investigation facilitates future work to determine whether the species described and reported by Nylander are still extant in the same locality.


Lichens; Type Locality; Botanical Collectors


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