Original Research

Revision of the genus Faucaria (Ruschioideae: Aizoaceae) in South Africa

L. E. Groen, L. J. G. van der Maesen
Bothalia | Vol 29, No 1 | a570 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v29i1.570 | © 1999 L. E. Groen, L. J. G. van der Maesen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 September 1999 | Published: 30 September 1999

About the author(s)

L. E. Groen, Department of Plant Taxonomy, Botanical Gardens of Wagemngen Agricultural University, South Africa
L. J. G. van der Maesen, Revision of the genus Faucaria (Ruschioideae: Aizoaceae) in South Africa, South Africa

Full Text:



Faucaria Schwantes is a small genus of succulents, concentrated in south-central Eastern Cape. Distinguishing features of Faucaria are the characteristically dotted and toothed leaves and the structure of the seed capsule. A taxonomic review of the genus is presented, including relationship, diagnostic features, variation, distribution and ecology. The revision reduces the number of species from 33 to six:  F. bosschearui. F.feliruiF. gratiae, F. nemorosa,  F. subintegra. and  F. tigrina. Two new subspecitic combinations,  F. felirtu subsp britteniae and  F. felina subsp tuberculosa have been made. A cladogram is included. A key to the taxa is provided and each species is described and illustrated.


Aizoaceae; distribution. Eastern Cape; ecology. Faucaria; morphology, phylogeny. South Africa; stat. nov.; taxonomy


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