Original Research

Closing bodies in the capsular fruits of Ruschioideae (Aizoaceae)—a review

H. Kurzweil, P. Burgoyne
Bothalia | Vol 39, No 1 | a238 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v39i1.238 | © 2009 H. Kurzweil, P. Burgoyne | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 August 2009 | Published: 11 August 2009

About the author(s)

H. Kurzweil, National Parks Board. Singapore Botanic Gardens., Singapore
P. Burgoyne, National Herbarium, South African National Biodiversity Institute Research Fellow, Department of Environmental Sciences, South Africa

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Capsular fruits of the Mesembryanthema' are uniquely diverse and have been used to establish groupings within the tribe Ruschieae.The function, structure and development of the closing bodies of the Ruschioideae are reviewed from existing litrature and are supplemented by personal observations, providing a framework for future research aimed at resolving critical issues regarding the structure and taxonomic implications of the closing bodies of the Ruschioideae. The number of species per taxon, distribution and presence or absence of covering membranes and closing bodies within the Mesembryanthema are tabulated.


Aizoaceae; capsular fruits; closing bodies; hygrochasy; Mesembryanthema


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